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    Manufacturer: Witherbys

    Oil Tankers - A Pocket Safety Guide - 2021 Edition

    £40.00
    This publication explores best practices on tankers carrying crude oil and petroleum products and provides a good introduction to safe tanker operations and standards. Suitable for seafarers who may be rejoining a tanker after leave, or for a person with little or no experience on tankers, this title contains basic safety information for seafarers of all ranks and positions.
    ISBN: 9781914992360
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    Published: January 2022

    This publication should be read in conjunction with the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, which details standards for a company’s safety management system (SMS) and operating manuals.

    All crew members working with dangerous cargoes should have a clear understanding of operations on board a tanker. Through the use of technical diagrams and supporting text, this publication details various tanker types and covers all safety measures to be employed during fire, environmental and operational hazards. Cyber security is also explained, with graphics illustrating the various cyber threats facing ships today. The publication is supplemented by a glossary of technical terms, helping readers familiarise themselves with any new shipboard terminology. Further information may be sought from the publication, ‘ISGOTT: the International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals’.

     

    Table of Contents

     

    Introduction ii
    Safety – the Main i
    Message About this Book i


    Chapter 1 – The Ships v
    1.1 General Information ............................................................................ 2
    1.2 Handymax Tankers .............................................................................. 3
    1.3 Panamax Tankers (pre-2016) ........................................................... 4
    1.4 Panamax Tankers (post-2016)......................................................... 4
    1.5 Aframax Tankers ................................................................................... 5
    1.6 Suezmax Tankers .................................................................................. 6
    1.7 Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs)................................................ 7
    1.8 Ultra Large Crude Carriers (ULCCs)............................................... 8

    Chapter 2 – Safety Systems 9
    2.1 Risk Assessments............................................................................... 10
    2.2 Permit to Work (PTW) Systems ................................................... 12
    2.3 Toolbox Talk ........................................................................................ 16

    Chapter 3 – Personal Safety 19
    3.1 Induction and Familiarisation....................................................... 20
    3.2 The Safety Officer .............................................................................. 22
    3.3 Slips, Trips and Falls ......................................................................... 23
    3.4 The Effects of Slips, Trips and Falls ............................................ 26
    3.5 Preventing Slips, Trips and Falls .................................................. 26
    3.6 Life on Board ....................................................................................... 28

    Chapter 4 – Manual Handling 31
    4.1 Manual Handling ............................................................................... 32
    4.1.1 Manual Handling – Assessment ...................................... 33
    4.1.2 Manual Handling – Best Practice .................................... 35

    Chapter 5 – Personal Protective Equipment 47
    5.1 Head Protection ................................................................................. 48
    5.2 Eye and Face Protection ................................................................. 49
    5.3 Respiratory Protection .................................................................... 49
    5.4 Ear Protection ..................................................................................... 50
    5.5 Body Protection ................................................................................. 51
    5.6 Hand and Finger Protection ......................................................... 51
    5.7 Foot Protection .................................................................................. 52
    5.8 Fall Protection ..................................................................................... 53
    5.9 Buoyancy Aids .................................................................................... 54


    Chapter 6 – Equipment Hazards 55
    6.1 Fixed Equipment ................................................................................ 56
    6.2 Portable Tools and Equipment .................................................... 56
    6.3 Hot Work .............................................................................................. 58
    6.4 Laundry Equipment .......................................................................... 58
    6.5 Use of Paints and Chemicals ........................................................ 59

    Chapter 7 – Fire Hazards and Extinguishing Fires 61
    7.1 Fire Hazards ......................................................................................... 62
    7.2 Discovering a Fire .............................................................................. 64
    7.3 Classes of Fire ..................................................................................... 65
    7.4 Types of Fire Extinguisher .............................................................. 66
    7.5 Using a Fire Extinguisher ................................................................ 68

    Chapter 8 – Environmental Hazards 71
    8.1 What is a Safe Environment?........................................................ 72
    8.2 Petroleum Liquids and Chemicals .............................................. 73
    8.3 Toxic Gases and Vapours ............................................................... 75
    8.4 Flammable Mixtures......................................................................... 77
    8.5 Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) ............................................................... 79
    8.6 Effects of H2S ...................................................................................... 80
    8.7 Benzene (C6H6) ................................................................................... 81
    8.8 Carbon Monoxide (CO) .................................................................. 82
    8.9 Sampling, Gauging and Tank Measurement ......................... 83
    8.10 Gas Detection Equipment .............................................................. 84
    8.11 Testing Hazardous Atmospheres ............................................... 85


    Chapter 9 – Enclosed Spaces 87
    9.1 What is an Enclosed Space? ......................................................... 88
    9.2 Why are Enclosed Spaces Dangerous? .................................... 88
    9.3 Entering an Enclosed Space .......................................................... 89
    9.4 Duties of the Standby Person ...................................................... 91
    9.5 Duties of the Person Authorising or in Charge of the Entry............................. 92
    9.6 Communication ................................................................................. 92
    9.7 Breathing Apparatus ........................................................................ 94
    9.8 Rescue Operations ............................................................................ 95
    9.9 Specialised Areas ............................................................................... 95

    Chapter 10 – Operational Hazards 97
    10.1 Cargo Operations .............................................................................. 98
    10.2 Mooring Operations ...................................................................... 103
    10.3 Towing Operations ......................................................................... 105
    10.4 Anchoring Operations ................................................................... 106
    10.5 Safe Access ........................................................................................ 107
    10.6 Static Electricity ................................................................................ 108


    Chapter 11 – Lifting Operations 111
    11.1 Lifting Equipment ............................................................................ 112
    11.2 Risk Assessment............................................................................... 112
    11.3 Safety Rules for Lifting Operations .......................................... 113
    11.4 Load Security .................................................................................... 115
    11.5 Cranes and Winches ....................................................................... 115
    11.6 Gantry Cranes ................................................................................... 116
    11.7 Hand Signals for Lifting Operations ........................................ 117

    Chapter 12 – Inspections 119
    12.1 Safety Inspections .......................................................................... 120

    Chapter 13 – Drills and Emergencies 123
    13.1 Drills ...................................................................................................... 124
    13.2 Emergency Response .................................................................... 126
    13.3 Actions in the Event of Pollution .............................................. 126
    13.4 Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP) ............ 127

    Chapter 14 – Cyber Security 129
    14.1 Cyber Risk Management .............................................................. 130
    14.2 Types of Cyber Attack ................................................................... 132
    14.3 Protection from Cyber Attacks .................................................. 133
    14.4 Identifying a Cyber Security Attack ......................................... 133
    14.5 Passwords ........................................................................................... 134

    Chapter 15 – Health and Wellbeing 135
    15.1 Healthy Eating .................................................................................. 135
    15.2 Fitness and Exercise ....................................................................... 137
    15.3 Heat Stress ......................................................................................... 137
    15.4 Effects of Heat Stress ..................................................................... 140
    15.5 Mental Health ................................................................................... 141
    15.6 Ways to Improve Your Mental Health .................................... 142
    15.7 Bullying and Discrimination ........................................................ 143


    Glossary 145

    Witherby Connect is the new online library solution for the maritime industry. Created by Witherbys’ in-house development team, Witherby Connect provides users with streamlined access to all major industry publications. 

    The browser-based hybrid software means that there is nothing to install and after publications are saved to the browser cache they can be accessed almost instantly both on and offline. This solution delivers more flexibility and security for those working at sea.

    Use on and offline: Witherby Connect provides flexible access. Publications can be viewed while connected to the internet and are downloaded to the browser’s cache for access offline, making it suitable for use even when internet access cannot be guaranteed.

    You can access Witherby Connect on any modern browser including: Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox and Apple Safari.

    Published: January 2022

    This publication should be read in conjunction with the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, which details standards for a company’s safety management system (SMS) and operating manuals.

    All crew members working with dangerous cargoes should have a clear understanding of operations on board a tanker. Through the use of technical diagrams and supporting text, this publication details various tanker types and covers all safety measures to be employed during fire, environmental and operational hazards. Cyber security is also explained, with graphics illustrating the various cyber threats facing ships today. The publication is supplemented by a glossary of technical terms, helping readers familiarise themselves with any new shipboard terminology. Further information may be sought from the publication, ‘ISGOTT: the International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals’.

     

    Table of Contents

     

    Introduction ii
    Safety – the Main i
    Message About this Book i


    Chapter 1 – The Ships v
    1.1 General Information ............................................................................ 2
    1.2 Handymax Tankers .............................................................................. 3
    1.3 Panamax Tankers (pre-2016) ........................................................... 4
    1.4 Panamax Tankers (post-2016)......................................................... 4
    1.5 Aframax Tankers ................................................................................... 5
    1.6 Suezmax Tankers .................................................................................. 6
    1.7 Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs)................................................ 7
    1.8 Ultra Large Crude Carriers (ULCCs)............................................... 8

    Chapter 2 – Safety Systems 9
    2.1 Risk Assessments............................................................................... 10
    2.2 Permit to Work (PTW) Systems ................................................... 12
    2.3 Toolbox Talk ........................................................................................ 16

    Chapter 3 – Personal Safety 19
    3.1 Induction and Familiarisation....................................................... 20
    3.2 The Safety Officer .............................................................................. 22
    3.3 Slips, Trips and Falls ......................................................................... 23
    3.4 The Effects of Slips, Trips and Falls ............................................ 26
    3.5 Preventing Slips, Trips and Falls .................................................. 26
    3.6 Life on Board ....................................................................................... 28

    Chapter 4 – Manual Handling 31
    4.1 Manual Handling ............................................................................... 32
    4.1.1 Manual Handling – Assessment ...................................... 33
    4.1.2 Manual Handling – Best Practice .................................... 35

    Chapter 5 – Personal Protective Equipment 47
    5.1 Head Protection ................................................................................. 48
    5.2 Eye and Face Protection ................................................................. 49
    5.3 Respiratory Protection .................................................................... 49
    5.4 Ear Protection ..................................................................................... 50
    5.5 Body Protection ................................................................................. 51
    5.6 Hand and Finger Protection ......................................................... 51
    5.7 Foot Protection .................................................................................. 52
    5.8 Fall Protection ..................................................................................... 53
    5.9 Buoyancy Aids .................................................................................... 54


    Chapter 6 – Equipment Hazards 55
    6.1 Fixed Equipment ................................................................................ 56
    6.2 Portable Tools and Equipment .................................................... 56
    6.3 Hot Work .............................................................................................. 58
    6.4 Laundry Equipment .......................................................................... 58
    6.5 Use of Paints and Chemicals ........................................................ 59

    Chapter 7 – Fire Hazards and Extinguishing Fires 61
    7.1 Fire Hazards ......................................................................................... 62
    7.2 Discovering a Fire .............................................................................. 64
    7.3 Classes of Fire ..................................................................................... 65
    7.4 Types of Fire Extinguisher .............................................................. 66
    7.5 Using a Fire Extinguisher ................................................................ 68

    Chapter 8 – Environmental Hazards 71
    8.1 What is a Safe Environment?........................................................ 72
    8.2 Petroleum Liquids and Chemicals .............................................. 73
    8.3 Toxic Gases and Vapours ............................................................... 75
    8.4 Flammable Mixtures......................................................................... 77
    8.5 Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) ............................................................... 79
    8.6 Effects of H2S ...................................................................................... 80
    8.7 Benzene (C6H6) ................................................................................... 81
    8.8 Carbon Monoxide (CO) .................................................................. 82
    8.9 Sampling, Gauging and Tank Measurement ......................... 83
    8.10 Gas Detection Equipment .............................................................. 84
    8.11 Testing Hazardous Atmospheres ............................................... 85


    Chapter 9 – Enclosed Spaces 87
    9.1 What is an Enclosed Space? ......................................................... 88
    9.2 Why are Enclosed Spaces Dangerous? .................................... 88
    9.3 Entering an Enclosed Space .......................................................... 89
    9.4 Duties of the Standby Person ...................................................... 91
    9.5 Duties of the Person Authorising or in Charge of the Entry............................. 92
    9.6 Communication ................................................................................. 92
    9.7 Breathing Apparatus ........................................................................ 94
    9.8 Rescue Operations ............................................................................ 95
    9.9 Specialised Areas ............................................................................... 95

    Chapter 10 – Operational Hazards 97
    10.1 Cargo Operations .............................................................................. 98
    10.2 Mooring Operations ...................................................................... 103
    10.3 Towing Operations ......................................................................... 105
    10.4 Anchoring Operations ................................................................... 106
    10.5 Safe Access ........................................................................................ 107
    10.6 Static Electricity ................................................................................ 108


    Chapter 11 – Lifting Operations 111
    11.1 Lifting Equipment ............................................................................ 112
    11.2 Risk Assessment............................................................................... 112
    11.3 Safety Rules for Lifting Operations .......................................... 113
    11.4 Load Security .................................................................................... 115
    11.5 Cranes and Winches ....................................................................... 115
    11.6 Gantry Cranes ................................................................................... 116
    11.7 Hand Signals for Lifting Operations ........................................ 117

    Chapter 12 – Inspections 119
    12.1 Safety Inspections .......................................................................... 120

    Chapter 13 – Drills and Emergencies 123
    13.1 Drills ...................................................................................................... 124
    13.2 Emergency Response .................................................................... 126
    13.3 Actions in the Event of Pollution .............................................. 126
    13.4 Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP) ............ 127

    Chapter 14 – Cyber Security 129
    14.1 Cyber Risk Management .............................................................. 130
    14.2 Types of Cyber Attack ................................................................... 132
    14.3 Protection from Cyber Attacks .................................................. 133
    14.4 Identifying a Cyber Security Attack ......................................... 133
    14.5 Passwords ........................................................................................... 134

    Chapter 15 – Health and Wellbeing 135
    15.1 Healthy Eating .................................................................................. 135
    15.2 Fitness and Exercise ....................................................................... 137
    15.3 Heat Stress ......................................................................................... 137
    15.4 Effects of Heat Stress ..................................................................... 140
    15.5 Mental Health ................................................................................... 141
    15.6 Ways to Improve Your Mental Health .................................... 142
    15.7 Bullying and Discrimination ........................................................ 143


    Glossary 145

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