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    Manufacturer: Witherbys

    Tanker Safety Training - Liquefied Gas - 2nd Edition

    £295.00
    This publication provides ships’ officers, tanker terminal personnel and selected management staff ashore an understanding of the principles involved in the safe loading, transportation and discharging of liquefied gases. The revised edition includes both theoretical and practical aspects of ship operations, with the objectives of ensuring efficient tanker operations and the safety and health of personnel throughout all stages of the voyage and while alongside in the terminal.
    ISBN: 9781914992285
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    Published: January 2022

    This title offers comprehensive detail on the bulk transport at sea of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) and chemical gases, as well as aspects of various cargo handling systems. It includes a chapter on cargo calculations, ensuring ships’ crew are aware of correct loading quantities prior to cargo operations.

    This book provides an assessment of gases, including their hazards and properties, before considering all stages of LPG and LNG operations. A detailed overview of STS operations is also included.

    Processes such as reliquefaction and gassing-up are illustrated by 3D models, a beneficial visual aid to those in preparation and operation of modern gas carrying ships, or in operation of a related shore facility. The guidance concludes with a consideration of general emergency procedures, including the principal hazards on gas carriers.

     

    Contents:
    Acknowledgements
    Foreword

    Introduction


    1. The Gases and Their Properties
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Chemical Properties of the Gases
    1.3 Physical Properties of the Gases
    1.4 Gases – Properties and Rules
    1.5 States of Matter
    1.6 What are the Gases Carried on Liquefied Gas Carriers Used For?

    2. Potential
    2.1 Health Hazards
    2.2 Flammability and Explosion
    2.3 O2 Concentration and Inerting
    2.4 Sources of Ignition

    3. Ship Characteristics and Cargo
    3.1 Principles of Gas Carrier Design and Construction and the IGC Code
    3.2 Cargo Containment Systems
    3.3 Materials of Construction
    3.4 Hold Spaces
    3.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers – Ship Types
    3.6 General Gas Carrier
    3.7 Layout Surveys and Certification

    4. Regulations, Codes and Guidance for Gas
    4.1 The IGC Code
    4.2 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    4.3 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
    4.4 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    4.5 Other Conventions and Codes
    4.6 Inter-Industry Organisations
    4.7 Classification Societies
    4.8 Ship Inspection

    5. Cargo Handling
    5.1 Cargo Piping, Valves and Auxiliary Systems
    5.2 Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs)
    5.3 Cargo Pumps
    5.4 LPG Reliquefaction
    5.5 LNG Reliquefaction
    5.6 Inert Gas Systems
    5.7 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
    5.8 Instrumentation
    5.9 Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)

    6. LPG
    6.1 Drying
    6.2 Inerting
    6.3 Gassing-up
    6.4 Cooldown
    6.5 Loading
    6.6 Loaded Passage
    6.7 Discharge
    6.8 Ballast Passage
    6.9 Changing Grades/Gas
    6.10 Freeing Aeration of Cargo Tanks
    6.11 Important Points When Changing Liquefied Gas Cargoes
    6.12 Tank Cleaning Table Liquefied Gas (Fully Refrigerated LPG)
    6.13 Change of Cargo Table
    6.14 Odourisation (Stenching)
    6.15 Mixing Cargoes (Blending/Co-mingling)

    7. LNG
    7.1 Normal Trading Cycle of an LNGC
    7.2 Operations Related to Auxiliary Systems
    7.3 Drying
    7.4 Inerting
    7.5 Gassing-up
    7.6 Cooldown
    7.7 Loading Operation
    7.8 Laden Voyage
    7.9 Discharge Operation
    7.10 Ballast Voyage

    8. Ship to Ship (STS)
    8.1 Pre-arrival Stage
    8.2 Approach and Mooring Stage
    8.3 Cargo Transfer Stage
    8.4 Post-transfer Procedure

    9. Cargo
    9.1 Principle
    9.2 Weight or Mass
    9.3 Density
    9.4 Temperature
    9.5 Pressure
    9.6 ASTM Tables
    9.7 Total Weight of Liquid Cargo
    9.8 Total Weight of Vapour Cargo
    9.9 Discharging Calculations
    9.10 Cargo Calculation Form
    9.11 Vessel Experience Factors

    10. Terminal
    10.1 The Ship/Shore Interface
    10.2 Communications
    10.3 Pre-arrival
    10.4 General Precautions While the Ship is at Berth
    10.5 Cargo Handling
    10.6 Cargo Vapour Handling
    10.7 Additional Procedures

    11. Safe Practices and Safety
    11.1 Tank Atmosphere Evaluation
    11.2 Fixed Gas Detection
    11.3 Portable and Personal Gas Detection
    11.4 Entry into Enclosed Spaces
    11.5 Respiratory Protection Used on Liquefied Gas Carriers

    12. Emergency
    12.1 The Principal Hazards
    12.2 Fire Protection and Fire Extinguishing
    12.3 Emergency Procedures
    12.4 Emergency Plans

    Annex
    Annex 1 – Bibliography
    Annex 2 – Useful Formulae and Notes
    Index


    Acknowledgements
    Foreword

    Introduction


    1. The Gases and Their Properties
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Chemical Properties of the Gases
    1.3 Physical Properties of the Gases
    1.4 Gases – Properties and Rules
    1.5 States of Matter
    1.6 What are the Gases Carried on Liquefied Gas Carriers Used For?

    2. Potential
    2.1 Health Hazards
    2.2 Flammability and Explosion
    2.3 O2 Concentration and Inerting
    2.4 Sources of Ignition

    3. Ship Characteristics and Cargo
    3.1 Principles of Gas Carrier Design and Construction and the IGC Code
    3.2 Cargo Containment Systems
    3.3 Materials of Construction
    3.4 Hold Spaces
    3.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers – Ship Types
    3.6 General Gas Carrier
    3.7 Layout Surveys and Certification

    4. Regulations, Codes and Guidance for Gas
    4.1 The IGC Code
    4.2 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    4.3 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
    4.4 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    4.5 Other Conventions and Codes
    4.6 Inter-Industry Organisations
    4.7 Classification Societies
    4.8 Ship Inspection

    5. Cargo Handling
    5.1 Cargo Piping, Valves and Auxiliary Systems
    5.2 Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs)
    5.3 Cargo Pumps
    5.4 LPG Reliquefaction
    5.5 LNG Reliquefaction
    5.6 Inert Gas Systems
    5.7 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
    5.8 Instrumentation
    5.9 Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)

    6. LPG
    6.1 Drying
    6.2 Inerting
    6.3 Gassing-up
    6.4 Cooldown
    6.5 Loading
    6.6 Loaded Passage
    6.7 Discharge
    6.8 Ballast Passage
    6.9 Changing Grades/Gas
    6.10 Freeing Aeration of Cargo Tanks
    6.11 Important Points When Changing Liquefied Gas Cargoes
    6.12 Tank Cleaning Table Liquefied Gas (Fully Refrigerated LPG)
    6.13 Change of Cargo Table
    6.14 Odourisation (Stenching)
    6.15 Mixing Cargoes (Blending/Co-mingling)

    7. LNG
    7.1 Normal Trading Cycle of an LNGC
    7.2 Operations Related to Auxiliary Systems
    7.3 Drying
    7.4 Inerting
    7.5 Gassing-up
    7.6 Cooldown
    7.7 Loading Operation
    7.8 Laden Voyage
    7.9 Discharge Operation
    7.10 Ballast Voyage

    8. Ship to Ship (STS)
    8.1 Pre-arrival Stage
    8.2 Approach and Mooring Stage
    8.3 Cargo Transfer Stage
    8.4 Post-transfer Procedure

    9. Cargo
    9.1 Principle
    9.2 Weight or Mass
    9.3 Density
    9.4 Temperature
    9.5 Pressure
    9.6 ASTM Tables
    9.7 Total Weight of Liquid Cargo
    9.8 Total Weight of Vapour Cargo
    9.9 Discharging Calculations
    9.10 Cargo Calculation Form
    9.11 Vessel Experience Factors

    10. Terminal
    10.1 The Ship/Shore Interface
    10.2 Communications
    10.3 Pre-arrival
    10.4 General Precautions While the Ship is at Berth
    10.5 Cargo Handling
    10.6 Cargo Vapour Handling
    10.7 Additional Procedures

    11. Safe Practices and Safety
    11.1 Tank Atmosphere Evaluation
    11.2 Fixed Gas Detection
    11.3 Portable and Personal Gas Detection
    11.4 Entry into Enclosed Spaces
    11.5 Respiratory Protection Used on Liquefied Gas Carriers

    12. Emergency
    12.1 The Principal Hazards
    12.2 Fire Protection and Fire Extinguishing
    12.3 Emergency Procedures
    12.4 Emergency Plans

    Annex
    Annex 1 – Bibliography
    Annex 2 – Useful Formulae and Notes
    Index


    Acknowledgements
    Foreword

    Introduction


    1. The Gases and Their Properties
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Chemical Properties of the Gases
    1.3 Physical Properties of the Gases
    1.4 Gases – Properties and Rules
    1.5 States of Matter
    1.6 What are the Gases Carried on Liquefied Gas Carriers Used For?

    2. Potential
    2.1 Health Hazards
    2.2 Flammability and Explosion
    2.3 O2 Concentration and Inerting
    2.4 Sources of Ignition

    3. Ship Characteristics and Cargo
    3.1 Principles of Gas Carrier Design and Construction and the IGC Code
    3.2 Cargo Containment Systems
    3.3 Materials of Construction
    3.4 Hold Spaces
    3.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers – Ship Types
    3.6 General Gas Carrier
    3.7 Layout Surveys and Certification

    4. Regulations, Codes and Guidance for Gas
    4.1 The IGC Code
    4.2 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    4.3 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
    4.4 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    4.5 Other Conventions and Codes
    4.6 Inter-Industry Organisations
    4.7 Classification Societies
    4.8 Ship Inspection

    5. Cargo Handling
    5.1 Cargo Piping, Valves and Auxiliary Systems
    5.2 Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs)
    5.3 Cargo Pumps
    5.4 LPG Reliquefaction
    5.5 LNG Reliquefaction
    5.6 Inert Gas Systems
    5.7 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
    5.8 Instrumentation
    5.9 Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)

    6. LPG
    6.1 Drying
    6.2 Inerting
    6.3 Gassing-up
    6.4 Cooldown
    6.5 Loading
    6.6 Loaded Passage
    6.7 Discharge
    6.8 Ballast Passage
    6.9 Changing Grades/Gas
    6.10 Freeing Aeration of Cargo Tanks
    6.11 Important Points When Changing Liquefied Gas Cargoes
    6.12 Tank Cleaning Table Liquefied Gas (Fully Refrigerated LPG)
    6.13 Change of Cargo Table
    6.14 Odourisation (Stenching)
    6.15 Mixing Cargoes (Blending/Co-mingling)

    7. LNG
    7.1 Normal Trading Cycle of an LNGC
    7.2 Operations Related to Auxiliary Systems
    7.3 Drying
    7.4 Inerting
    7.5 Gassing-up
    7.6 Cooldown
    7.7 Loading Operation
    7.8 Laden Voyage
    7.9 Discharge Operation
    7.10 Ballast Voyage

    8. Ship to Ship (STS)
    8.1 Pre-arrival Stage
    8.2 Approach and Mooring Stage
    8.3 Cargo Transfer Stage
    8.4 Post-transfer Procedure

    9. Cargo
    9.1 Principle
    9.2 Weight or Mass
    9.3 Density
    9.4 Temperature
    9.5 Pressure
    9.6 ASTM Tables
    9.7 Total Weight of Liquid Cargo
    9.8 Total Weight of Vapour Cargo
    9.9 Discharging Calculations
    9.10 Cargo Calculation Form
    9.11 Vessel Experience Factors

    10. Terminal
    10.1 The Ship/Shore Interface
    10.2 Communications
    10.3 Pre-arrival
    10.4 General Precautions While the Ship is at Berth
    10.5 Cargo Handling
    10.6 Cargo Vapour Handling
    10.7 Additional Procedures

    11. Safe Practices and Safety
    11.1 Tank Atmosphere Evaluation
    11.2 Fixed Gas Detection
    11.3 Portable and Personal Gas Detection
    11.4 Entry into Enclosed Spaces
    11.5 Respiratory Protection Used on Liquefied Gas Carriers

    12. Emergency
    12.1 The Principal Hazards
    12.2 Fire Protection and Fire Extinguishing
    12.3 Emergency Procedures
    12.4 Emergency Plans

    Annex
    Annex 1 – Bibliography
    Annex 2 – Useful Formulae and Notes
    Index

     

    Witherby Connect is the new online library solution for the maritime industry. Created by Witherbys’ in-house development team, Witherby Connect provides users with streamlined access to all major industry publications. 

    The browser-based hybrid software means that there is nothing to install and after publications are saved to the browser cache they can be accessed almost instantly both on and offline. This solution delivers more flexibility and security for those working at sea.

    Use on and offline: Witherby Connect provides flexible access. Publications can be viewed while connected to the internet and are downloaded to the browser’s cache for access offline, making it suitable for use even when internet access cannot be guaranteed.

    You can access Witherby Connect on any modern browser including: Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox and Apple Safari.

    Published: January 2022

    This title offers comprehensive detail on the bulk transport at sea of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) and chemical gases, as well as aspects of various cargo handling systems. It includes a chapter on cargo calculations, ensuring ships’ crew are aware of correct loading quantities prior to cargo operations.

    This book provides an assessment of gases, including their hazards and properties, before considering all stages of LPG and LNG operations. A detailed overview of STS operations is also included.

    Processes such as reliquefaction and gassing-up are illustrated by 3D models, a beneficial visual aid to those in preparation and operation of modern gas carrying ships, or in operation of a related shore facility. The guidance concludes with a consideration of general emergency procedures, including the principal hazards on gas carriers.

     

    Contents:
    Acknowledgements
    Foreword

    Introduction


    1. The Gases and Their Properties
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Chemical Properties of the Gases
    1.3 Physical Properties of the Gases
    1.4 Gases – Properties and Rules
    1.5 States of Matter
    1.6 What are the Gases Carried on Liquefied Gas Carriers Used For?

    2. Potential
    2.1 Health Hazards
    2.2 Flammability and Explosion
    2.3 O2 Concentration and Inerting
    2.4 Sources of Ignition

    3. Ship Characteristics and Cargo
    3.1 Principles of Gas Carrier Design and Construction and the IGC Code
    3.2 Cargo Containment Systems
    3.3 Materials of Construction
    3.4 Hold Spaces
    3.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers – Ship Types
    3.6 General Gas Carrier
    3.7 Layout Surveys and Certification

    4. Regulations, Codes and Guidance for Gas
    4.1 The IGC Code
    4.2 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    4.3 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
    4.4 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    4.5 Other Conventions and Codes
    4.6 Inter-Industry Organisations
    4.7 Classification Societies
    4.8 Ship Inspection

    5. Cargo Handling
    5.1 Cargo Piping, Valves and Auxiliary Systems
    5.2 Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs)
    5.3 Cargo Pumps
    5.4 LPG Reliquefaction
    5.5 LNG Reliquefaction
    5.6 Inert Gas Systems
    5.7 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
    5.8 Instrumentation
    5.9 Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)

    6. LPG
    6.1 Drying
    6.2 Inerting
    6.3 Gassing-up
    6.4 Cooldown
    6.5 Loading
    6.6 Loaded Passage
    6.7 Discharge
    6.8 Ballast Passage
    6.9 Changing Grades/Gas
    6.10 Freeing Aeration of Cargo Tanks
    6.11 Important Points When Changing Liquefied Gas Cargoes
    6.12 Tank Cleaning Table Liquefied Gas (Fully Refrigerated LPG)
    6.13 Change of Cargo Table
    6.14 Odourisation (Stenching)
    6.15 Mixing Cargoes (Blending/Co-mingling)

    7. LNG
    7.1 Normal Trading Cycle of an LNGC
    7.2 Operations Related to Auxiliary Systems
    7.3 Drying
    7.4 Inerting
    7.5 Gassing-up
    7.6 Cooldown
    7.7 Loading Operation
    7.8 Laden Voyage
    7.9 Discharge Operation
    7.10 Ballast Voyage

    8. Ship to Ship (STS)
    8.1 Pre-arrival Stage
    8.2 Approach and Mooring Stage
    8.3 Cargo Transfer Stage
    8.4 Post-transfer Procedure

    9. Cargo
    9.1 Principle
    9.2 Weight or Mass
    9.3 Density
    9.4 Temperature
    9.5 Pressure
    9.6 ASTM Tables
    9.7 Total Weight of Liquid Cargo
    9.8 Total Weight of Vapour Cargo
    9.9 Discharging Calculations
    9.10 Cargo Calculation Form
    9.11 Vessel Experience Factors

    10. Terminal
    10.1 The Ship/Shore Interface
    10.2 Communications
    10.3 Pre-arrival
    10.4 General Precautions While the Ship is at Berth
    10.5 Cargo Handling
    10.6 Cargo Vapour Handling
    10.7 Additional Procedures

    11. Safe Practices and Safety
    11.1 Tank Atmosphere Evaluation
    11.2 Fixed Gas Detection
    11.3 Portable and Personal Gas Detection
    11.4 Entry into Enclosed Spaces
    11.5 Respiratory Protection Used on Liquefied Gas Carriers

    12. Emergency
    12.1 The Principal Hazards
    12.2 Fire Protection and Fire Extinguishing
    12.3 Emergency Procedures
    12.4 Emergency Plans

    Annex
    Annex 1 – Bibliography
    Annex 2 – Useful Formulae and Notes
    Index


    Acknowledgements
    Foreword

    Introduction


    1. The Gases and Their Properties
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Chemical Properties of the Gases
    1.3 Physical Properties of the Gases
    1.4 Gases – Properties and Rules
    1.5 States of Matter
    1.6 What are the Gases Carried on Liquefied Gas Carriers Used For?

    2. Potential
    2.1 Health Hazards
    2.2 Flammability and Explosion
    2.3 O2 Concentration and Inerting
    2.4 Sources of Ignition

    3. Ship Characteristics and Cargo
    3.1 Principles of Gas Carrier Design and Construction and the IGC Code
    3.2 Cargo Containment Systems
    3.3 Materials of Construction
    3.4 Hold Spaces
    3.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers – Ship Types
    3.6 General Gas Carrier
    3.7 Layout Surveys and Certification

    4. Regulations, Codes and Guidance for Gas
    4.1 The IGC Code
    4.2 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    4.3 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
    4.4 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    4.5 Other Conventions and Codes
    4.6 Inter-Industry Organisations
    4.7 Classification Societies
    4.8 Ship Inspection

    5. Cargo Handling
    5.1 Cargo Piping, Valves and Auxiliary Systems
    5.2 Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs)
    5.3 Cargo Pumps
    5.4 LPG Reliquefaction
    5.5 LNG Reliquefaction
    5.6 Inert Gas Systems
    5.7 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
    5.8 Instrumentation
    5.9 Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)

    6. LPG
    6.1 Drying
    6.2 Inerting
    6.3 Gassing-up
    6.4 Cooldown
    6.5 Loading
    6.6 Loaded Passage
    6.7 Discharge
    6.8 Ballast Passage
    6.9 Changing Grades/Gas
    6.10 Freeing Aeration of Cargo Tanks
    6.11 Important Points When Changing Liquefied Gas Cargoes
    6.12 Tank Cleaning Table Liquefied Gas (Fully Refrigerated LPG)
    6.13 Change of Cargo Table
    6.14 Odourisation (Stenching)
    6.15 Mixing Cargoes (Blending/Co-mingling)

    7. LNG
    7.1 Normal Trading Cycle of an LNGC
    7.2 Operations Related to Auxiliary Systems
    7.3 Drying
    7.4 Inerting
    7.5 Gassing-up
    7.6 Cooldown
    7.7 Loading Operation
    7.8 Laden Voyage
    7.9 Discharge Operation
    7.10 Ballast Voyage

    8. Ship to Ship (STS)
    8.1 Pre-arrival Stage
    8.2 Approach and Mooring Stage
    8.3 Cargo Transfer Stage
    8.4 Post-transfer Procedure

    9. Cargo
    9.1 Principle
    9.2 Weight or Mass
    9.3 Density
    9.4 Temperature
    9.5 Pressure
    9.6 ASTM Tables
    9.7 Total Weight of Liquid Cargo
    9.8 Total Weight of Vapour Cargo
    9.9 Discharging Calculations
    9.10 Cargo Calculation Form
    9.11 Vessel Experience Factors

    10. Terminal
    10.1 The Ship/Shore Interface
    10.2 Communications
    10.3 Pre-arrival
    10.4 General Precautions While the Ship is at Berth
    10.5 Cargo Handling
    10.6 Cargo Vapour Handling
    10.7 Additional Procedures

    11. Safe Practices and Safety
    11.1 Tank Atmosphere Evaluation
    11.2 Fixed Gas Detection
    11.3 Portable and Personal Gas Detection
    11.4 Entry into Enclosed Spaces
    11.5 Respiratory Protection Used on Liquefied Gas Carriers

    12. Emergency
    12.1 The Principal Hazards
    12.2 Fire Protection and Fire Extinguishing
    12.3 Emergency Procedures
    12.4 Emergency Plans

    Annex
    Annex 1 – Bibliography
    Annex 2 – Useful Formulae and Notes
    Index


    Acknowledgements
    Foreword

    Introduction


    1. The Gases and Their Properties
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Chemical Properties of the Gases
    1.3 Physical Properties of the Gases
    1.4 Gases – Properties and Rules
    1.5 States of Matter
    1.6 What are the Gases Carried on Liquefied Gas Carriers Used For?

    2. Potential
    2.1 Health Hazards
    2.2 Flammability and Explosion
    2.3 O2 Concentration and Inerting
    2.4 Sources of Ignition

    3. Ship Characteristics and Cargo
    3.1 Principles of Gas Carrier Design and Construction and the IGC Code
    3.2 Cargo Containment Systems
    3.3 Materials of Construction
    3.4 Hold Spaces
    3.5 Liquefied Gas Carriers – Ship Types
    3.6 General Gas Carrier
    3.7 Layout Surveys and Certification

    4. Regulations, Codes and Guidance for Gas
    4.1 The IGC Code
    4.2 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    4.3 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
    4.4 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    4.5 Other Conventions and Codes
    4.6 Inter-Industry Organisations
    4.7 Classification Societies
    4.8 Ship Inspection

    5. Cargo Handling
    5.1 Cargo Piping, Valves and Auxiliary Systems
    5.2 Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs)
    5.3 Cargo Pumps
    5.4 LPG Reliquefaction
    5.5 LNG Reliquefaction
    5.6 Inert Gas Systems
    5.7 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
    5.8 Instrumentation
    5.9 Custody Transfer Measurement System (CTMS)

    6. LPG
    6.1 Drying
    6.2 Inerting
    6.3 Gassing-up
    6.4 Cooldown
    6.5 Loading
    6.6 Loaded Passage
    6.7 Discharge
    6.8 Ballast Passage
    6.9 Changing Grades/Gas
    6.10 Freeing Aeration of Cargo Tanks
    6.11 Important Points When Changing Liquefied Gas Cargoes
    6.12 Tank Cleaning Table Liquefied Gas (Fully Refrigerated LPG)
    6.13 Change of Cargo Table
    6.14 Odourisation (Stenching)
    6.15 Mixing Cargoes (Blending/Co-mingling)

    7. LNG
    7.1 Normal Trading Cycle of an LNGC
    7.2 Operations Related to Auxiliary Systems
    7.3 Drying
    7.4 Inerting
    7.5 Gassing-up
    7.6 Cooldown
    7.7 Loading Operation
    7.8 Laden Voyage
    7.9 Discharge Operation
    7.10 Ballast Voyage

    8. Ship to Ship (STS)
    8.1 Pre-arrival Stage
    8.2 Approach and Mooring Stage
    8.3 Cargo Transfer Stage
    8.4 Post-transfer Procedure

    9. Cargo
    9.1 Principle
    9.2 Weight or Mass
    9.3 Density
    9.4 Temperature
    9.5 Pressure
    9.6 ASTM Tables
    9.7 Total Weight of Liquid Cargo
    9.8 Total Weight of Vapour Cargo
    9.9 Discharging Calculations
    9.10 Cargo Calculation Form
    9.11 Vessel Experience Factors

    10. Terminal
    10.1 The Ship/Shore Interface
    10.2 Communications
    10.3 Pre-arrival
    10.4 General Precautions While the Ship is at Berth
    10.5 Cargo Handling
    10.6 Cargo Vapour Handling
    10.7 Additional Procedures

    11. Safe Practices and Safety
    11.1 Tank Atmosphere Evaluation
    11.2 Fixed Gas Detection
    11.3 Portable and Personal Gas Detection
    11.4 Entry into Enclosed Spaces
    11.5 Respiratory Protection Used on Liquefied Gas Carriers

    12. Emergency
    12.1 The Principal Hazards
    12.2 Fire Protection and Fire Extinguishing
    12.3 Emergency Procedures
    12.4 Emergency Plans

    Annex
    Annex 1 – Bibliography
    Annex 2 – Useful Formulae and Notes
    Index

     

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