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    Manufacturer: Witherby

    Crude Oil Tanker Basics

    €87.20
    The Theory and Practice of Crude Oil Cargo Operations
    ISBN: 9781905331635
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    This book covers the basics of crude oil tanker operations, including cargo transfer, venting, purging, pump theory, and inert gas and crude oil washing systems.

    What precious time is spent on cargo duties is often used in learning how to use the automated cargo control systems and therefore not covering the basics of operating crude oil tankers (whether they be Suezmax, VLCC or ULCCs) and their related activities such as venting, purging, understanding the operation of cargo pumps and the fundamentals of Inert Gas and Crude Oil Washing Systems.

    All of these operations, and more, are explained in this new 192 page book, which is supported with photographs taken onboard a new build VLCC.

    1st edition 2009

    Content

    1 Crude Oil Extraction

    2 Crude Oil Chemistry
    2.1 Classification of Crude Oil
    2.2 Properties of Crude Oil

    3 Measurement of Cargo Quantity
    3.1 Level Measurement (Tank Gauging)
    3.2 Temperature Measurement
    3.3 Detecting Water

    4 Calculating Cargo Quantity
    4.1 Calculating the Cargo Requirement
    4.2 Calculating the Weight of Cargo
    4.3 Calculating the Volume of Cargo
    4.4 Cargo Distribution
    4.5 Load Port Calculations
    4.6 Calculation of Cargo Loaded and Discharged
    4.7 Calculating Residual Quantities
    4.8 Comparing Onboard Quantities with Bill of Lading (B/L) Figures

    5 Loading Rates and Venting
    5.1 Maximum Loading Rate
    5.2 Minimum Loading Rate
    5.3 Topping off Loading Rate
    5.4 Cargo Tank Vetting During Loading

    6 Preparing for Cargo Transfer
    6.1 Planning
    6.2 Testing and Checking Equipment

    7 The Loading Operation
    7.1 Initial Loading Phase
    7.2 Full Rate Phase
    7.3 Topping off and changing Over Tanks
    7.4 Completing Phase

    8 Pumping and Pump Theory
    8.1 Pressure and Head
    8.2 Pump Suction Conditions
    8.3 Pump Discharge Conditions
    8.4 Construction and Principles of Operation of Centrifugal Pumps
    8.5 Pump Suction Conditions
    8.6 Discharge Conditions
    8.7 Water Hammer
    8.8 Stripping Systems

    9 Cargo Discharge Operations
    9.1 Commencement of Discharge
    9.2 Discharging at Full Rate
    9.3 Stripping
    9.4 Stripping Line Contents

    10 Inert Gas
    10.1 Chemistry of Inert Flue Gas
    10.2 Production and Processing of Inert Flue Gas
    10.3 Preparing the IG System
    10.4 Primary Inerting
    10.5 Purging
    10.6 Monitoring Gas Concentrations
    10.7 Operation of the IG System during Cargo Discharge
    10.8 Cold Weather Precautions when Using the IG System

    11 Crude Oil Washing (COW)
    11.1 The Chemistry of COW
    11.2 Hazards of COW
    11.3 COW Methodology
    11.4 Programming COW Machines

    12 Ballasting, Deballasting and Crude Oil Content Discharge Control
    12.1 Ballast Tank Arrangements
    12.2 Piping and Pumps
    12.3 Venting Arrangement
    12.4 Oil Discharge Monitoring and Control Equipment (ODME)
    12.5 Ballasting and Deballasting Segregated Ballast Tanks (SBTs)
    12.6 Ballasting and Deballasting Cargo Tanks
    12.7 Decanting
    12.8 Ballast Exchange

    13 Preparing for Maintenance
    13.1 Tank Cleaning / Washing
    13.2 Line Washing
    13.3 Gas Freeing
    13.4 Gas Detection and Measurement
    13.5 Operations Requiring Tank Cleaning and Line Washing

    14 Contingencies and Emergencies
    14.1 Cargo Equipment or Systems Failure
    14.2 Problems during Pumping
    14.3 Inert Gas System Failure
    14.4 Cargo or Ballast Leakage
    14.5 Marine Pollution
    14.6 Oil Outflow due to Hull Damage

    15 Crude Oil Trade, Voyage Fixing and Economics
    15.1 Crude Oil Trading
    15.2 Chartering
    15.3 Charter Types
    15.4 Voyage Economics
    15.5 Crude Oil Trade

    This book covers the basics of crude oil tanker operations, including cargo transfer, venting, purging, pump theory, and inert gas and crude oil washing systems.

    What precious time is spent on cargo duties is often used in learning how to use the automated cargo control systems and therefore not covering the basics of operating crude oil tankers (whether they be Suezmax, VLCC or ULCCs) and their related activities such as venting, purging, understanding the operation of cargo pumps and the fundamentals of Inert Gas and Crude Oil Washing Systems.

    All of these operations, and more, are explained in this new 192 page book, which is supported with photographs taken onboard a new build VLCC.

    1st edition 2009

    Content

    1 Crude Oil Extraction

    2 Crude Oil Chemistry
    2.1 Classification of Crude Oil
    2.2 Properties of Crude Oil

    3 Measurement of Cargo Quantity
    3.1 Level Measurement (Tank Gauging)
    3.2 Temperature Measurement
    3.3 Detecting Water

    4 Calculating Cargo Quantity
    4.1 Calculating the Cargo Requirement
    4.2 Calculating the Weight of Cargo
    4.3 Calculating the Volume of Cargo
    4.4 Cargo Distribution
    4.5 Load Port Calculations
    4.6 Calculation of Cargo Loaded and Discharged
    4.7 Calculating Residual Quantities
    4.8 Comparing Onboard Quantities with Bill of Lading (B/L) Figures

    5 Loading Rates and Venting
    5.1 Maximum Loading Rate
    5.2 Minimum Loading Rate
    5.3 Topping off Loading Rate
    5.4 Cargo Tank Vetting During Loading

    6 Preparing for Cargo Transfer
    6.1 Planning
    6.2 Testing and Checking Equipment

    7 The Loading Operation
    7.1 Initial Loading Phase
    7.2 Full Rate Phase
    7.3 Topping off and changing Over Tanks
    7.4 Completing Phase

    8 Pumping and Pump Theory
    8.1 Pressure and Head
    8.2 Pump Suction Conditions
    8.3 Pump Discharge Conditions
    8.4 Construction and Principles of Operation of Centrifugal Pumps
    8.5 Pump Suction Conditions
    8.6 Discharge Conditions
    8.7 Water Hammer
    8.8 Stripping Systems

    9 Cargo Discharge Operations
    9.1 Commencement of Discharge
    9.2 Discharging at Full Rate
    9.3 Stripping
    9.4 Stripping Line Contents

    10 Inert Gas
    10.1 Chemistry of Inert Flue Gas
    10.2 Production and Processing of Inert Flue Gas
    10.3 Preparing the IG System
    10.4 Primary Inerting
    10.5 Purging
    10.6 Monitoring Gas Concentrations
    10.7 Operation of the IG System during Cargo Discharge
    10.8 Cold Weather Precautions when Using the IG System

    11 Crude Oil Washing (COW)
    11.1 The Chemistry of COW
    11.2 Hazards of COW
    11.3 COW Methodology
    11.4 Programming COW Machines

    12 Ballasting, Deballasting and Crude Oil Content Discharge Control
    12.1 Ballast Tank Arrangements
    12.2 Piping and Pumps
    12.3 Venting Arrangement
    12.4 Oil Discharge Monitoring and Control Equipment (ODME)
    12.5 Ballasting and Deballasting Segregated Ballast Tanks (SBTs)
    12.6 Ballasting and Deballasting Cargo Tanks
    12.7 Decanting
    12.8 Ballast Exchange

    13 Preparing for Maintenance
    13.1 Tank Cleaning / Washing
    13.2 Line Washing
    13.3 Gas Freeing
    13.4 Gas Detection and Measurement
    13.5 Operations Requiring Tank Cleaning and Line Washing

    14 Contingencies and Emergencies
    14.1 Cargo Equipment or Systems Failure
    14.2 Problems during Pumping
    14.3 Inert Gas System Failure
    14.4 Cargo or Ballast Leakage
    14.5 Marine Pollution
    14.6 Oil Outflow due to Hull Damage

    15 Crude Oil Trade, Voyage Fixing and Economics
    15.1 Crude Oil Trading
    15.2 Chartering
    15.3 Charter Types
    15.4 Voyage Economics
    15.5 Crude Oil Trade

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