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    Manufacturer: Witherby

    Response to Marine Oil Spills, 2nd Edition

    €109.57
    This publication is a comprehensive review of the problems posed by marine oil spills and the potential response measures. It will benefit anyone involved in training programmes, contingency planning or actual response to oil spills. The publication contains numerous case studies, including a section on the Deepwater Horizon incident, which are underpinned by helpful photographs and diagrams.
    ISBN: 9781856093545
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    Published July 2012

    Author: ITOPF

    The primary objectives of a rapid response to oil spills are a return to normal activity as quickly as possible and minimisation of the risk of oil contaminating environmentally or aesthetically important areas.

    Since its establishment in 1968, ITOPF has responded to several hundred shipping incidents worldwide providing objective technical advice on clean-up measures, environmental and economic effects, and compensation. ITOPF has also provided remote advice at numerous other incidents. The incidents have involved crude oil from tankers and bunker fuel, chemicals and bulk cargoes from all types of ship. Advice is also occasionally given about potential oil spills from other sources, including pipelines and offshore installations, and physical damage to coral reefs resulting from ship groundings.

    The first-hand experience of ITOPF’s staff, gained through direct involvement in pollution incidents, is utilised during damage assessment, contingency planning and training assignments, as well as in the production of technical publications.

    This is the ultimate reference aid for all ships that carry oil that may be involved in a pollution incident, whether it is from cargo oil or bunker fuel oil, for any jetty, pier, berth or quay that may have to deal with a marine pollution incident and for all other parties that may find themselves called to react to a pollution incident, such as the Coastguard, port authorities or State responders.

    Content

    Chapter 1 Sources of Oil in the Marine Environment

    1.1 Transportation Losses

    1.1.1 Accidental Spills from Tankers

    1.1.2 Other Transportation Losses

    1.2 Petroleum Exploration and Production Activities

    1.3 Petroleum Use

    1.4 Natural Seeps and Erosion

    Chapter 2 Fate of Marine Oil Spills

    2.1 Properties of Oil

    2.2 The Weathering Processes

    2.3 Persistence of Oil

    2.4 Forecasting Slick Movement and Weathering

    2.5 Implications for Clean-up and Contingency Planning

    Chapter 3 Aerial Surveillance at Sea

    3.1 Preparations for Aerial Surveillance

    3.2 Observing an Oil Spill from an Aircraft

    3.3 Recording and Reporting Aerial Observations

    3.4 Quantifying Floating Oil

    3.5 Remote Sensing

    Chapter 4 Oil on Shorelines

    4.1 Types and Sources of Oil Pollution

    4.2 Appearance and Persistence of Oil on Shorelines

    4.3 Describing and Quantifying Stranded Oil

    4.4 Sampling Guidelines

    Chapter 5 Environmental Effects of Oil Spills

    5.1 Environmental Impacts

    5.1.1 Impact of Oil on Specific Marine Organisms and Habitats

    5.2 Natural Recovery

    5.3 Reinstatement

    5.4 Post-Spill Studies

    Chapter 6 Economic Effects of Oil Spills

    6.1 Fisheries and Mariculture

    6.2 Tourism

    6.3 Property Damage

    6.4 Industry

    6.5 Agriculture

    6.6 Compensation for Economic Loss

    Chapter 7 Containment and Recovery

    7.1 Containment

    7.1.1 Boom Design

    7.1.2 Boom Characteristics

    7.1.3 Boom Failures

    7.1.4 Boom Performance

    7.1.5 Forces Exerted on Booms

    7.1.6 Towed Booms

    7.1.7 Moored Booms

    7.1.8 Care and Maintenance of Booms

    7.1.9 Limitations of Booms

    7.1.10 Alternative Containment Systems

    7.2 Recovery

    7.2.1 Skimmer Mechanisms and Design

    7.2.2 Selection of Skimmers

    7.2.3 Operating Practices

    7.2.4 Performance/Limitations of Skimmers

    7.2.5 Maintenance

    7.2.6 Other Recovery Methods

    7.3 Success of At-Sea Operations

    Chapter 8 The Use of Dispersants

    8.1 Mechanism of Dispersion and Dispersant Composition

    8.2 Limitations of Dispersants

    8.3 Other Chemical Treating Agents

    8.4 Application Methods

    8.4.1 Vessel Spraying

    8.4.2 Aerial Spraying

    8.4.3 Application Rate

    8.5 Monitoring Dispersant Effectiveness

    8.6 Logistics and Control

    8.6.1 Storage

    8.6.2 Using Dispersants on Shorelines

    8.7 Environmental Considerations

    8.8 Planning for Dispersant Use

    Chapter 9 Shoreline Clean-up

    9.1 Strategy

    9.2 Clean-up Techniques

    9.2.1 Rocks, Boulders and Manmade Structures

    9.2.2 Cobbles, Pebbles and Shingle

    9.2.3 Sand Beaches

    9.2.4 Muddy Shores

    9.2.5 Corals

    9.3 Organisation

    9.3.1 Workforce

    9.3.2 Volunteers

    9.3.3 Equipment Requirements

    9.4 Termination of Clean-up

    Chapter 10 Disposal of Oil and Oiled Waste

    10.1 Contingency Planning

    10.2 Nature of Oil and Oiled Material

    10.3 Storage and Preparation for Disposal

    10.4 Minimisation of Waste

    10.5 Recovery of Oils

    10.6 Landfill

    10.7 Incineration

    10.8 Stabilisation

    10.9 Land Farming

    10.10 Composting

    Chapter 11 Contingency Planning

    11.1 Scope of Contingency Plans

    11.2 Content of Contingency Plans

    11.2.1 Risk Assessment

    11.2.2 Strategic Policy

    11.2.3 Operational Procedures

    11.2.4 Information Directory

    Chapter 12 Alternative Techniques

    12.1 In-situ Burning

    12.1.1 Feasibility of Burning

    12.1.2 Operational Issues

    12.2 Bioremediation

    12.2.1 Biostimulation

    12.2.2 Bioaugmentation

    12.2.3 Limitations of Use

    12.2.4 Considerations for Use

    12.3 Other Alternative Techniques

    12.3.1 Shoreline Cleaning Agents

    12.3.2 Herders

    12.3.3 Solidifiers

    Further Reading

    Other ITOPF Publications

    *
    *
    *
    *

    Published July 2012

    Author: ITOPF

    The primary objectives of a rapid response to oil spills are a return to normal activity as quickly as possible and minimisation of the risk of oil contaminating environmentally or aesthetically important areas.

    Since its establishment in 1968, ITOPF has responded to several hundred shipping incidents worldwide providing objective technical advice on clean-up measures, environmental and economic effects, and compensation. ITOPF has also provided remote advice at numerous other incidents. The incidents have involved crude oil from tankers and bunker fuel, chemicals and bulk cargoes from all types of ship. Advice is also occasionally given about potential oil spills from other sources, including pipelines and offshore installations, and physical damage to coral reefs resulting from ship groundings.

    The first-hand experience of ITOPF’s staff, gained through direct involvement in pollution incidents, is utilised during damage assessment, contingency planning and training assignments, as well as in the production of technical publications.

    This is the ultimate reference aid for all ships that carry oil that may be involved in a pollution incident, whether it is from cargo oil or bunker fuel oil, for any jetty, pier, berth or quay that may have to deal with a marine pollution incident and for all other parties that may find themselves called to react to a pollution incident, such as the Coastguard, port authorities or State responders.

    Content

    Chapter 1 Sources of Oil in the Marine Environment

    1.1 Transportation Losses

    1.1.1 Accidental Spills from Tankers

    1.1.2 Other Transportation Losses

    1.2 Petroleum Exploration and Production Activities

    1.3 Petroleum Use

    1.4 Natural Seeps and Erosion

    Chapter 2 Fate of Marine Oil Spills

    2.1 Properties of Oil

    2.2 The Weathering Processes

    2.3 Persistence of Oil

    2.4 Forecasting Slick Movement and Weathering

    2.5 Implications for Clean-up and Contingency Planning

    Chapter 3 Aerial Surveillance at Sea

    3.1 Preparations for Aerial Surveillance

    3.2 Observing an Oil Spill from an Aircraft

    3.3 Recording and Reporting Aerial Observations

    3.4 Quantifying Floating Oil

    3.5 Remote Sensing

    Chapter 4 Oil on Shorelines

    4.1 Types and Sources of Oil Pollution

    4.2 Appearance and Persistence of Oil on Shorelines

    4.3 Describing and Quantifying Stranded Oil

    4.4 Sampling Guidelines

    Chapter 5 Environmental Effects of Oil Spills

    5.1 Environmental Impacts

    5.1.1 Impact of Oil on Specific Marine Organisms and Habitats

    5.2 Natural Recovery

    5.3 Reinstatement

    5.4 Post-Spill Studies

    Chapter 6 Economic Effects of Oil Spills

    6.1 Fisheries and Mariculture

    6.2 Tourism

    6.3 Property Damage

    6.4 Industry

    6.5 Agriculture

    6.6 Compensation for Economic Loss

    Chapter 7 Containment and Recovery

    7.1 Containment

    7.1.1 Boom Design

    7.1.2 Boom Characteristics

    7.1.3 Boom Failures

    7.1.4 Boom Performance

    7.1.5 Forces Exerted on Booms

    7.1.6 Towed Booms

    7.1.7 Moored Booms

    7.1.8 Care and Maintenance of Booms

    7.1.9 Limitations of Booms

    7.1.10 Alternative Containment Systems

    7.2 Recovery

    7.2.1 Skimmer Mechanisms and Design

    7.2.2 Selection of Skimmers

    7.2.3 Operating Practices

    7.2.4 Performance/Limitations of Skimmers

    7.2.5 Maintenance

    7.2.6 Other Recovery Methods

    7.3 Success of At-Sea Operations

    Chapter 8 The Use of Dispersants

    8.1 Mechanism of Dispersion and Dispersant Composition

    8.2 Limitations of Dispersants

    8.3 Other Chemical Treating Agents

    8.4 Application Methods

    8.4.1 Vessel Spraying

    8.4.2 Aerial Spraying

    8.4.3 Application Rate

    8.5 Monitoring Dispersant Effectiveness

    8.6 Logistics and Control

    8.6.1 Storage

    8.6.2 Using Dispersants on Shorelines

    8.7 Environmental Considerations

    8.8 Planning for Dispersant Use

    Chapter 9 Shoreline Clean-up

    9.1 Strategy

    9.2 Clean-up Techniques

    9.2.1 Rocks, Boulders and Manmade Structures

    9.2.2 Cobbles, Pebbles and Shingle

    9.2.3 Sand Beaches

    9.2.4 Muddy Shores

    9.2.5 Corals

    9.3 Organisation

    9.3.1 Workforce

    9.3.2 Volunteers

    9.3.3 Equipment Requirements

    9.4 Termination of Clean-up

    Chapter 10 Disposal of Oil and Oiled Waste

    10.1 Contingency Planning

    10.2 Nature of Oil and Oiled Material

    10.3 Storage and Preparation for Disposal

    10.4 Minimisation of Waste

    10.5 Recovery of Oils

    10.6 Landfill

    10.7 Incineration

    10.8 Stabilisation

    10.9 Land Farming

    10.10 Composting

    Chapter 11 Contingency Planning

    11.1 Scope of Contingency Plans

    11.2 Content of Contingency Plans

    11.2.1 Risk Assessment

    11.2.2 Strategic Policy

    11.2.3 Operational Procedures

    11.2.4 Information Directory

    Chapter 12 Alternative Techniques

    12.1 In-situ Burning

    12.1.1 Feasibility of Burning

    12.1.2 Operational Issues

    12.2 Bioremediation

    12.2.1 Biostimulation

    12.2.2 Bioaugmentation

    12.2.3 Limitations of Use

    12.2.4 Considerations for Use

    12.3 Other Alternative Techniques

    12.3.1 Shoreline Cleaning Agents

    12.3.2 Herders

    12.3.3 Solidifiers

    Further Reading

    Other ITOPF Publications