Close
(0) items
You have no items in your shopping cart.
All Categories
    Filters
    Currency
    Search
    Manufacturer: Witherby

    Marine Fuels: Preventing Claims and Disputes

    €34.97
    Quantity and quality issues regarding the supply of marine fuels can lead to potentially complex, costly and lengthy claims and legal disputes. This guide provides helpful advice on how these claims and disputes can be avoided. Just as importantly, it also provides guidance on how to have the best chance of success when pursuing or defending a claim.
    ISBN: 9780995565333
    Ship to
    *
    *
    Shipping Method
    Name
    Estimated Delivery
    Price
    No shipping options

    Author: The North of England P&I Association Ltd

    Published August 2019

    ISBN 9780995565333

     

    This guide aims to assist seagoing officers, vessel operators, vessel managers and time charterers in understanding what can go wrong when purchasing, bunkering and using marine fuels and what steps can be taken to prevent them and mitigate their impact. It explores the subject of marine fuels, from the production and refining process all the way to burning in the vessel’s engines. The nature and characteristics of marine fuels is discussed along with purchasing, contractual obligations, loading, handling, sampling and testing. The guide finishes by looking at claims management and the all-important collection of evidence.

     

    Increasingly stringent environmental regulation has placed more demands on seafarers and operators. Compliance with the global sulphur cap in 2020 has driven the demand for new compliant fuels and new technology. This guide considers this change in the landscape, with a particular focus on the increasing use of LNG as a marine fuel.

     

    Table of Contents

     

    INTRODUCTION

    Purpose of this guide

    2020 – a new era

    Resolving disputes

     

    PRODUCTION AND REFINING OF MARINE FUELS Characteristics of crude oils

    Refinery process

    Marine fuel products

    Biofuels

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MARINE FUELS Grades

    Quality characteristics

    Standards for marine fuels

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    PURCHASING MARINE FUELS

    Specifying the right fuel

    Delivery contracts

    Confirmation of stem

    Supplier’s standard terms and conditions

    Terms implied by law

    Bunkers supplied by charterer

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    BUNKERING

    Safe handling

    General procedures and standards

    Bunker checklist

    Bunker delivery note

    Letter of protest

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    QUANTITY MEASUREMENT

    Methods of determining quantity

    Mass flow meters

    Bunker surveys

    Fuel foul play

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

     

    FUEL SAMPLING AND TESTING

    Sampling

    Testing

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    ON-BOARD STORAGE AND TREATMENT

    Fuel storage and transfer systems

    Fuel treatment systems

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE

    MARPOL Annex VI

    Regional and national regulations

    Fuel oil non-availability

    Alternative technologies

    Other emission-related pollutants

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    CLAIMS MANAGEMENT AND COLLECTING EVIDENCE Action in the event of a quality dispute

    Action in the event of a quantity dispute

    Impact on insurance

     

    APPENDICES

    Recommended clauses

    Draft letters

    No lien provisions

     

    INDEX

    Author: The North of England P&I Association Ltd

    Published August 2019

    ISBN 9780995565333

     

    This guide aims to assist seagoing officers, vessel operators, vessel managers and time charterers in understanding what can go wrong when purchasing, bunkering and using marine fuels and what steps can be taken to prevent them and mitigate their impact. It explores the subject of marine fuels, from the production and refining process all the way to burning in the vessel’s engines. The nature and characteristics of marine fuels is discussed along with purchasing, contractual obligations, loading, handling, sampling and testing. The guide finishes by looking at claims management and the all-important collection of evidence.

     

    Increasingly stringent environmental regulation has placed more demands on seafarers and operators. Compliance with the global sulphur cap in 2020 has driven the demand for new compliant fuels and new technology. This guide considers this change in the landscape, with a particular focus on the increasing use of LNG as a marine fuel.

     

    Table of Contents

     

    INTRODUCTION

    Purpose of this guide

    2020 – a new era

    Resolving disputes

     

    PRODUCTION AND REFINING OF MARINE FUELS Characteristics of crude oils

    Refinery process

    Marine fuel products

    Biofuels

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MARINE FUELS Grades

    Quality characteristics

    Standards for marine fuels

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    PURCHASING MARINE FUELS

    Specifying the right fuel

    Delivery contracts

    Confirmation of stem

    Supplier’s standard terms and conditions

    Terms implied by law

    Bunkers supplied by charterer

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    BUNKERING

    Safe handling

    General procedures and standards

    Bunker checklist

    Bunker delivery note

    Letter of protest

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    QUANTITY MEASUREMENT

    Methods of determining quantity

    Mass flow meters

    Bunker surveys

    Fuel foul play

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

     

    FUEL SAMPLING AND TESTING

    Sampling

    Testing

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    ON-BOARD STORAGE AND TREATMENT

    Fuel storage and transfer systems

    Fuel treatment systems

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE

    MARPOL Annex VI

    Regional and national regulations

    Fuel oil non-availability

    Alternative technologies

    Other emission-related pollutants

    LNG as a marine fuel

     

    CLAIMS MANAGEMENT AND COLLECTING EVIDENCE Action in the event of a quality dispute

    Action in the event of a quantity dispute

    Impact on insurance

     

    APPENDICES

    Recommended clauses

    Draft letters

    No lien provisions

     

    INDEX

    Product tags