Cyber Security Workbook for On Board Ship Use 2021 Edition

This workbook is a practical, straightforward and easy to understand guide to support the Master and the ship’s crew with cyber security risk management. Now in its second edition, the workbook provides detailed guidance on all aspects of cyber security protection, defence and response (including brand new sections on remote access, intrusion detection systems and engine department considerations).
£195.00

Published October 2020

 

Fully revised, comprehensive checklists are also included to assist with the practical, day-to-day management of onboard cyber security. This workbook is an essential tool in helping to ensure that cyber risks are appropriately addressed in onboard safety management systems (as required by IMO Resolution MSC.428(98)). It will also benefit shipowners, ship managers, ports and their IT departments.

 

This workbook is a practical, straightforward and easy to understand guide to support the Master and the ship’s crew with cyber security risk management. Along with detailed guidance on all aspects of cyber security protection, defence and response, the book contains comprehensive checklists to assist with the day to day management of onboard cyber security. It will also benefit shipowners, ship managers, ports and their IT departments.

  

In recent years, the shipping industry has undergone a digital revolution: internet connectivity on board has become common and ship’s systems are increasingly digitised and integrated. With this growing level of connection, comes greater risk. Ships are now a common target for hackers worldwide and it has become crucial that the entire crew has an understanding of how and when cyber attacks can occur.

 

Using detailed, step by step checklists, Cyber Security Workbook for On Board Ship Use provides a ship’s crew with the practical skills to identify cyber risks and to protect vulnerable onboard systems. It also gives guidance on how best to detect, respond and recover in the event of a cyber attack.


This publication has been produced by BIMCO, ICS (International Chamber of Shipping) and Witherby Publishing Group

 

Content

Section:1 – Introduction
1.1 Cyber Security Risk Management – IMO Requirements and Guidelines
1.1.1 Supporting Regulatory Guidelines
1.2 Cyber Outlook for Shipping
1.3 Purpose of this Workbook
1.4 Checklists
Section:2 – Identifying Risks
2.1 Vulnerable Ship Systems
2.2 What is a Cyber Attack?
2.2.1 Attacker Profiles
2.2.2 Types of Cyber Attack
Section:3 – Protection, Prevention and Training
3.1 Prevention of Malware Attacks
3.2 Software Updates
3.3 Endpoint Protection
3.3.1 Anti-virus
3.4 Passwords
3.5 Cyber Security and the SMS
3.5.1 Cyber Security and the Ship Security Plan (SSP)
3.6 Crew Training
3.6.1 Ship Cyber Security Drill
3.6.2 Cyber Security Familiarisation
3.6.3 Crew Training Cyber Security Checklist
Section:4 – Detect, Respond and Recover: General Principles
4.1 Detecting a Cyber Incident
4.2 Detecting a Cyber Incident Checklist
4.3 Incident Response
4.3.1 Third Party Support
4.3.2 Cyber Recovery Plan
4.3.3 Backups
4.4 Responding to a Cyber Incident On Board
Section:5 – Detect, Respond and Recover: Ship’s Business Systems
5.1 Onboard Business Computers
5.1.1 USB Ports and Drives
5.1.2 USB Cleaning Stations
5.1.3 Personal Devices and USB Ports
5.1.4 Onboard Business Computer Checklist
5.2 Network Segregation On Board
5.2.1 Existing/Simple Networks
5.2.2 Segregated Networks
5.2.3 Achieving a Segregated Network
5.2.4 Maintaining a Segregated Network
5.2.5 Benefits of Network Segregation
5.2.6 Vulnerable Systems On Board
5.3 Network Segregation Checklist
5.4 Wireless Networks
5.4.1 Business WiFi
5.4.2 Crew WiFi
5.4.3 Guest Access
5.4.4 WiFi Network Security
5.4.5 Virtual Private Network (VPN)
5.4.6 Networks (Wireless and Wired)
5.5 Satellite Communications Equipment
5.5.1 Satcom Passwords
5.5.2 Admin Password Security
5.5.3 Confirming that the Satcom System is Not Available from the Public Internet
5.5.4 Is the Software Running on the Satcom System Kept Up to Date?
5.5.5 Applying Updates to Satellite Terminals
5.5.6 Physical Security of the Satellite Terminal
5.5.7 Software Security of the Satellite System
5.5.8 Satellite Communications
5.6 Cellular Data Connections
5.7 Connecting to Shore WiFi in Port
5.7.1 Crew Connecting to WiFi Ashore
5.7.2 Shore WiFi in Port/Shore Cellular Data Checklist
Section:6 – Detect, Respond and Recover: OT Systems
6.1 Understanding OT Systems
6.2 Engine Department Considerations
6.3 OT Systems Checklist for Crew
6.4 ECDIS Security
6.4.1 Updates
6.4.2 Physical Security
6.4.3 ECDIS Recovery
6.4.4 Recognising Genuine NAVTEX Messages
6.4.5 ECDIS Cyber Security Checklist
6.5 GNSS Security
6.5.1 GNSS Input Data
6.6 Cyber Security Checks on the Navigation Bridge during Watchkeeping
Section:7 – OT Cyber Security: Onshore Office and IT Department
Considerations
7.1 Ship’s Network Architecture
7.1.1 IDMZ
7.1.2 Data Diodes (unidirectional (single direction) gateways)
7.2 OT Asset Management and Risk Assessment
7.2.1 Asset Management
7.2.2 Asset Risk Assessment
7.2.3 Asset Management and Risk Assessment Checklist
7.3 Securing OT Systems
7.4 Securing the Ethernet IP Network Used by OT Systems
7.4.1 Converter Security
7.5 Remote Access
7.5.1 Remote Access Checklist
7.6 Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS)
7.7 OT Systems Checklist for IT Department/Onshore Office
Annex 1 – Regional Regulatory Guidance
Annex 2 – Checking for Windows Updates
Annex 3 – Creating User Accounts
Annex 4 – Checking for Segregated Networks
Annex 5 – How to Check that Anti-virus Software Updates are Applied
Annex 6 – NMEA 0183
Annex 7 – Example of a Cyber Security Familiarisation Checklist for New Crew Members
Annex 8 – Planning a Crew Training Session
Annex 9 – Further Resources

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